Rosacea is a common, chronic disorder that can present with a variety of cutaneous or ocular manifestations. Cutaneous involvement primarily affects the central face.

Signs and symptoms of rosacea

  • Redness (blushing) across your nose, cheeks, forehead and chin that comes and goes
  • Burning or stinging of skin 
  • Dry appearance of skin
  • Sore eyelids or crusts around roots of eyelashes
  • Thickened skin, mainly on the nose

Types of rosacea

  • Papules and pustules 
  • Flushing 
  • Telangiectasia
  • Ocular features

Rosacea trigger factors

  • Exposure to extremes of temperature
  • Sun exposure
  • Hot beverages
  • Spicy foods
  • Alcohol
  • Exercise
  • Irritation from topical products
  • Psychological feelings, especially anger, rage, and embarrassment
  • Certain drugs, such as nicotinic acid and vasodilators
  • Skin barrier disruption

Treatments for rosacea

  • Prescriptions for creams and gels you put on your skin
  • Taking antibiotics for 6 to 16 weeks
  • Pulsed dye laser 

Rosacea preventions

  • Avoid the common triggers listed above and any other triggers that you know worsen your symptoms.
  • Use mild, unscented face cleansers to wash your face.
  • Wear sunscreen every day.
  • Avoid using products on your face with alcohol, acid, or other ingredients that could bother your skin.

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