Melasma is a common skin problem. The condition causes dark, discolored patches on your skin. The condition is much more common in women than men.
Brownish colored patches usually appear on the:
- Bridge of the nose
Causes and risk factors of melasma
- Family ancestry
- Chronic sun exposure
- Sexual hormone stimulate
Treatment of melasma
First-line therapies — Topical skin-lightening agents are the first-line therapy for melasma
Second-line therapies — Chemical peels and oral tranexamic acid are second-line therapies for patients with melasma that does not respond to topical therapies alone
Third-line therapies — Lasers and light therapies are third-line therapies for melasma, appropriate for patients in whom topical treatments and often chemical peels have failed to produce adequate improvement.
Coping and living with melasma
- Using makeup to cover areas of discoloration
- Taking prescribed medication
- Wearing sunscreen every day with SPF
- Wearing a wide-brimmed hat that shields or provides shade for your face