Melasma & Pigmentations


Melasma is a common skin problem. The condition causes dark, discolored patches on your skin. The condition is much more common in women than men.

Brownish colored patches usually appear on the:

  • Cheeks
  • Forehead
  • Bridge of the nose
  • Chin

Causes and risk factors of melasma

  • Family ancestry
  • Chronic sun exposure
  • Sexual hormone stimulate

Treatment of melasma

First-line therapies — Topical skin-lightening agents are the first-line therapy for melasma

Second-line therapies — Chemical peels and oral tranexamic acid are second-line therapies for patients with melasma that does not respond to topical therapies alone

Third-line therapies — Lasers and light therapies are third-line therapies for melasma, appropriate for patients in whom topical treatments and often chemical peels have failed to produce adequate improvement. 

Coping and living with melasma

  • Using makeup to cover areas of discoloration
  • Taking prescribed medication
  • Wearing sunscreen every day with SPF 
  • Wearing a wide-brimmed hat that shields or provides shade for your face

Make an appointment