Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common cause of cutaneous and mucosal infection. Anogenital warts, also known as condyloma acuminata, are manifestations of HPV infection that occur in a subset of individuals with anogenital HPV infection. External anogenital warts typically manifest as soft papules or plaques on the external genitalia, perianal skin, perineum, or groin.
Risk factor of anogenital wart
- Sexual activity – Including merely skin to skin contact, is the primary risk factor for anogenital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection
- Having a weak immune system – is associated with the development of larger and more treatment-resistant anogenital wart, higher rates of recurrence.
- Smoking has been associated with increased risk for anogenital wart
- Male circumcision may reduce risk for HPV infection
Signs and symptoms of anogenital wart
- Small, flesh-colored, brown or pink swellings in your genital area
- A cauliflower-like shape caused by several warts close together
- Itching or discomfort in your genital area
- Bleeding with intercourse
Treatments of anogenital wart
- Cryotherapy, which uses a chemical to freeze warts
- Electrocautery, which uses electricity to burn away warts
- Traditional surgery, which involves cutting away warts
- Laser surgery, which uses light to destroy warts
There are several medicines that can help get rid of warts. Some work by slowly destroying warts. Others work by getting your body’s own infection-fighting system to attack warts.
Prevention of anogenital wart
- Limiting your number of sexual partners will reduce the risk of getting anogenital wart.
- Vaccinating will help prevent you from getting genital warts. Gardasil® 9 is approved for use in males and females ages 9 to 45 to protect against cervical cancer and genital warts.
- Getting the HPV vaccine can prevent a person from contracting certain types of the virus.
- Gardasil® is a vaccine that protects against the 9 strains of HPV that cause cervical cancers and genital warts. (HPV types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58)