Alopecia Areata


Alopecia areata is a chronic, relapsing, immune-mediated inflammatory disorder affecting hair follicles resulting in nonscarring hair loss. The severity of the disorder ranges from small patches of alopecia on any hair-bearing area to the complete loss of scalp, eyebrow, eyelash, and body hair.

Types of alopecia areata 

Types of alopecia areata 

  • Alopecia areata – This patchy baldness can develop anywhere on the body, including the scalp, beard area, eyebrows, eyelashes, armpits, inside your nose, or ears.
  • Alopecia totalis –  Alopecia totalis is a total loss of all hair on the scalp, so the scalp is completely bald.
  • Alopecia universalis – Alopecia universalis is a total loss of all hair on the body, leaving the entire body hairless. This is rare.

Treatment of alopecia

  • Corticosteroids — Corticosteroids, commonly called steroids, are anti-inflammatory medications that are used to treat alopecia areata. T
  • Injected corticosteroids — This method of treatment is often recommended for adults with isolated patches of hair loss. The medication is injected directly into the affected area to stimulate hair regrowth. 
  • Topical corticosteroids — Topical corticosteroids are usually applied to affected areas on a daily basis.
  • Oral corticosteroids — Oral corticosteroids are occasionally prescribed for patients who are experiencing rapid, extensive hair loss. 
  • Topical minoxidil — topical minoxidil promotes hair growth by lengthening the growth phase of hair follicles and causing follicles to produce hair.

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